X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) @ University of Limerick Bernal Institute (UL)

Institution University of Limerick Bernal Institute (UL)
County Limerick
Technique Category X-Ray Diffraction
Technique X-Ray Diffraction (XRD)

Basic Capabilities

X Ray Diffraction of powder (Reflection and Transmission), thin film or bulk samples at  ambient temperature to determine whether material is crystalline or amorphous and quantify the crystalline phases.  Transmission particularly suitable for powders with orientation.


Equipment Make PANalytical Empyrean
Equipment Model X'Pert MPD PRO


Advantage of Technique/Equipment

Non destructive method

Limitations of Technique/Equipment May not detect very small amounts of phases present…some knowledge of possible phases speeds up process

Other Details

Containment Equipment not appropriate for highly toxic samples. Fume hoods are available on a limited basis. PPE must be specified in Risk Assessment
Turnaround Time Days
Report yes
Interpretation yes
Data on Analyst Experienced staff member/technician
Indicative Price €100 per sample for powder samples. All others on a "by request" basis.

Industry Recommendation


Dr. Wynette Redington

Quality & Systems Supports

Quality Management System in Place

Good Manufacturing Practice Status

Preventative Maintenance

PM contract with supplier. In-house calibration on a regular basis using Si standard. Risk assesment must be supplied before measurement is carried out.


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